Various health factors may lead to brown spots on eyes, especially on the white part or iris of the eye. This post presents pictures, signs and symptoms, causes of brown spots on eyes. Furthermore, it outlines how you can remove and cure it with medications and home remedies.
Summary of Page Contents
- Signs and Symptoms of Brown Spots on Eyes
- Causes of Brown Spots on Eyes
- How to Get Rid of Brown Spots on Eyes
- How to Prevent Brown Spots on Eyes
- When to See a Doctor
- Sources and References
Signs and Symptoms of Brown Spots on Eyes
According to the natural structure of a normal eye, the white part is called sclera. The eye white has thin transparent skin layer known as the cornea. Your eye white is expected to have a white or bluish hue depending on your skin tone.
However, a brown spot can appear on your eye white. This spot may look worrisome and even attract your attention. Sometimes this spot can be bothersome to you especially if it interferes with your beauty by making your eyes to appear less attractive.
Besides affecting your beauty, most of the brown spots on the eyes are generally harmless. However, there are few occasions when brown spots on eye white are linked to health problems. These can occur when the brown marks on your eye lead to eye conditions.
The brown dots on white parts of your eye can appear in different forms. It might range from a tiny dot to large patch. Also, its shape can vary. The brown spot can be round, linear-shaped and even irregular shaped.
The common signs and symptoms of brown spots on eyes include:
- Tiny or large brown spot on white part of eye that is not itchy
- Single or many brown dots on eye white
- Itching, irritations or burning sensation of eyes
- Redness, tender and inflamed eyes
- Tearing eyes
- Blurring vision
- Red spots on eye whites
- Black spot in vision or floaters
- Seeing two images or double vision
These signs and symptoms may vary from one person to another. For instance, your eye may develop either a tiny single brown dot or numerous large spots.
Causes of Brown Spots on Eyes
A brown spot can appear on your eyes due to various causes. These causes may range from harmless to more serious eye problem. Here are some of the causes that can lead to brown spots to appear on your eye. They include:
Nevus is also called eye freckle. This is a harmless brown spot that can appear on the skin of your eyeball. Typically they might occur on the cornea and around the iris.The freckle that may appear under retina is usually known as a choroidal nevus. Also, freckles of the eyes can appear on the skin around your eyes.
The nevus spots on your eyes are usually harmless. But if the spot is large enough, you can seek the help of your doctor. The freckle of the eyes is similar to a mole. Sometimes it is possible for nevus spots to advance into cancer of the eye.
2. Eye melanoma
You eye white can develop brown spot as a consequence of melanoma. Basically, this is a type of cancer. The condition is usually characterized by overproduction of skin pigment in the melanocytes that may result in brown or dark spots.
Eye melanoma can occur on the skin of the eyeball specifically on sclera layer. Also, the dark spot can develop inside the eyeball to the retina. It is not possible for you to see the melanoma inside your eyes on the retina but the eye doctor can detect it.
Melanomas of the eyes can also spread to the skin around the eyes. The brown or black pigmented spots can appear inside eyelid and even on the skin around the eyes. In case you notice symptoms of strange dark spots on your eyes it is advisable to seek the help of ophthalmologist.
3. Certain medication
Your eye white can develop brown spots as a side effect of using certain medications. Some eye drops that contain a component of epinephrine can darken the conjunctiva layer of your eyes. Also, a drug that has aspirin might have a side effect of brown dots in your eyes.
4. Allergic reaction
Exposing your eyes to harmful chemical and substance can lead to brown dots on your eye whites. Common substances that can irritate your eyes to form brown spots include smoke, acidic fumes, detergent and silver-containing compounds.
5. Trauma and injuries
Physical injuries may lead to eye trauma can also lead to brown spots on eyes. Foreign objects such as dust particles and tiny insects are common factors that can damage your eyes white to form brown spots.
6. Eye infections
An infection of your eyes can lead to brown spots on eye whites. Bacterial, fungal and viral infection is some of the causes of eye infections.
7. Eye surgery
The white parts of your eye can form brown or red spots after surgical treatment. The brown dots or spots can occur due to conjunctiva hemorrhage.
Your sunburned eyes may show up brown spots on cornea or sclera. Sunspots on eyeball are usually brown or red spots in color.
9. Subconjunctival hemorrhage
This involves bleeding of tiny blood vessels in the eyeball to form a red blood spot that might fade to brown spots after sometimes.
10. Age spots on eyes
As you become an elder, your skin also develops dark dots called age spots. This spots can also appear on the skin of your eyeball as brown dots.
11. Skin infection
Your eyes can develop brown lesion due to skin infections. The common skin infections that can affect the skin of the eyeball include eczema, rosacea, psoriasis, rash, hives, and chickenpox.
12. Underlying infection
Your eyes can develop brown spots due to other underlying infections. Blood clotting disorder, diabetes, and autoimmune disorders are some of the conditions that might accompany symptoms of brown spots on eyes.
Brown Spots in Eyes Iris
The eye iris is a front part of your eyeball that surrounds the eye pupil. The iris can appear as round with dark, black, brown or blue color depending on your skin complexion. Freckles are common types of brown spots that may occur in the iris of your eyes.
If you have a blue eye hue, brown spots in iris of blue eyes are more visible than brown colored iris. Other than freckles, your eye iris can develop brown spots due to any of causes that we are already been discussed in the relevant section of the post.
Brown Spots on White Part of Eyes
The white part of your eye is called sclera. Brown spots on eye white can appear more visible and worrisome. The brown spot on white parts of your eyes could be harmless spots such as nevus or freckles of the eyes.
Occasionally, a more serious condition such as melanoma might also lead to brown spots on your eyes. It is advisable to go for eye checkup if you notice that the white part of your eyes has strange brown spots.
How to Get Rid of Brown Spots on Eyes
There are several methods on how to remove brown spots in eyes. You can use either home remedies or medical treatments by visiting the eye doctor. Home remedies are more effective to remove tiny and mild brown spots on eyes.
For chronic large brown spots and patches on your eyes, you can alternatively go for medical treatment by visiting your doctor.
Your doctor can determine the cause of brown spots on your eyes by using suitable diagnosis plan. The doctor can use physical examination on your eyes with the help of special eye diagnosis equipment to determine the cause of your eye problem.
After diagnosis, your doctor will give you the appropriate medical treatment that can help to solve your eye condition. Some of the treatment methods that your doctor might use include the following:
- Eye drops: your doctor can prescribe for you the eye drops that can help to remove brown spots on eyes
- Surgical procedure: the eye doctor might use laser treatment method that can help to remove malignant cells that cause brown spots on your eye white.
- Oral medication: these include the prescription of oral drugs that can help to treat the underlying condition that causes brown dots in your eyes.
You can use the following home remedies that can help to remove brown spots from your eyes. You can try the following:
1. Lemon juice
Lemon juice has natural skin bleaching properties that can help to remove brown spots from your eyes.
How to use:
- Dilute 2 teaspoons of lemon with equal volume of water
- Fill a drop with the diluted juice
- Place few drops to the affected eye
- Rinse it with cold water after about 5 minutes
- Repeat to apply it twice daily until brown spots on your eyes fade away
2. Raw honey
Raw honey is an effective home remedy you can use to lighten brown spots on your eyes.
How to use:
- Get 2 teaspoons of raw honey
- Fill the dropper with the raw honey
- Put few drops to the affected eye
- Close your eye for 10 minutes
- Rinse it off with cold water
- Repeat this treatment twice daily until brown spots on eyes clear way
Milk has lactic acid that can help to lighten brown spots on the skin of the eyes. Also, it can help to soothe itchy eyes.
How to use:
- Fill a dropper with fresh milk
- Place two drops of milk into the affected eye
- close the eye for 5 minutes
- rinse it with cold water
- apply it three times in a day for few weeks until the brown spots on your eye fade away
4. Pineapple juice
You can use pineapple juice as a remedy that can help to remove brown spots from your eyes. Pineapple juice has citric acid that has the ability to lighten dark spots on the skin.
How to use:
- dilute 2 teaspoons of pineapple with an equal volume of water
- fill the dropper with the solution
- put few drop of the juice directly to the affected eye
- close your eyelid for about 10 minutes
- rinse your eye with cold water
- repeat to apply it twice daily until brown spots on eyes go away
5. Tomato juice
Tomato juice is rich in lycopene that has a powerful anti-oxidant and lightening ability that can help to remove brown spots from your eyes.
How to use:
- get fresh tomato and extract the juice
- apply the juice directly to the affected eye
- let it stay on your eyes for 5 minutes before rinsing it off with cold water
- repeat to apply it three times in a day for few weeks until brown spots on your eye white clear away
How to Prevent Brown Spots on Eyes
You can prevent brown spots to appear on your eyes by using the following tips:
- avoid long exposure of your eyes to direct sunlight
- always wear protective eyeglasses when exposed to direct sunlight
- keep away from eye irritants such as smoke, acidic fumes, and other harmful chemicals
- ensure you protect your eyes against physical injuries
- avoid certain medicinal drugs that have the side effect of conjunctiva hemorrhage
- go for medical treatment if you get eye infections
When to See a Doctor
You can see you doctor over brown spots on eyes if you notice the following conditions that include:
- when brown spots on your eyes are causing pain, irritation and burning sensation that makes you feel a discomfort
- when brown spots on your eye lead to blurred vision, black spots in vision and even loss of vision
- if the brown dots on your eyes lead to chronic eye sensitivity to light
- when brown spots are accompanied by red spots on eye white
- if the dark spots on your eyes are spreading to eyelids and on the skin around the eyes