Black spots in vision are usually due to floaters but not always as other health issues may cause them. Depending on the underlying condition, it may appear gradually or suddenly. Explore pictures, causes, signs and symptoms of lack spots in vision and how to get rid of them.
Summary of Page Contents
- Signs and Symptoms
- Causes of Black Spots in Vision
- Black Spots in Vision Not Floaters
- Sudden Black Spots in Vision
- Black Spot in Vision One Eye
- Black Dot in Eye White
- Seeing Black Spots and Dizzy
- How to Get Rid of Black Spots in Vision
- When to See a Doctor
- Sources and References
Signs and Symptoms
Basing on background information about the eye is a specialized body organ that perceives light from objects into images that are interpreted by the brain to bring about vision. It has major parts such as lens, vitreous humour, retina and macule that help in eye vision. If any of these eye parts is damaged it can result in black spots in the vision.
Black spots in the field of vision of the eye are also known as blind spots or eye floaters. These spots can appear clearly in your vision when you look at a bright surface such as white paper or clear blue sky. Black dots or lines in the field of your eye vision may not completely block your sight but it can make your eyes lose a clear vision.
Eye floaters can create a slight shadow over your eye vision when you keep your eyes concentrated at one point like reading a book. Also, focusing your eyes on an object for a relatively long time like during the time of driving may make you notice easily black dots in your vision.
Signs and symptoms of black spots in vision include the following:
- Black or dark dots in your vision that come and go
- Seeing black spots in front of the eyes that move slowly
- Seeing wavy lines in your vision
- Threadlike lines over your field of vision
- Cobweb-like lines in front of your eyes
- Temporal loss of clear vision
- Flashes of light
- Difficulties to see object clearly
- Feeling headache after focusing your eyes on bright surface
Causes of Black Spots in Vision
Black dots or lines in the field of vision may appear due to various factors or causal agents. These causal agents determine the size, shape and the distribution of black spots in the field of eye vision. Here are some of the possible causes of black spots or lines in the vision of the eyes that include the following:
1. Aging and macular degradation
The process of aging is one of the risk factors that can cause eye problem such as black spots, dot or lines in the eye vision. Black spots in the field of vision are eye conditions that often occur naturally in people with advanced age.
Age-related macular wear out is a known eye problem that is liked to advanced age. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the degradation of macular cells at the eye retina may result in loss of central vision.
Macular is specialized tissue or part of the retina that helps to differentiate fine detail of the image. The aging process may lead to degradation or wearing out of macular tissue hence you may lose your central eye vision. However, peripheral or side vision may not be affected.
Ophthalmologists suggest that it is very simple to determine if your eye has a damaged macule on the retina. You can just look at your hand clock with one eye open while you close the other one for about five seconds.
If you are unable to see the central clock hands together with peripheral clock number or symbols, this is a clear indication that you might have slight dark spots in your eye vision.
2. Macular hole
A macular hole can occur on your eye retina when a tiny tear form on eye macula. A macular hole may develop due to an eye infection, underlying body disorders, and aging or because of physical injuries that cause eye trauma.
The development of tiny macular hole can increase gradually with the time that simultaneously increases blurry central vision of the eye. The Large macular hole can result in the blind spot that can occur at the central eye vision while your peripheral vision will not be affected.
3. Macular pucker
The main cause of macular pucker is due to folds or wrinkles that develop on the surface of the retina. Ridged surface of the retina can alter the position of macular spot that may have a consequence of black spots in vision of the eye.
Macular pucker is associated with wavy blind spots in the eye vision. It can also cause difficulties in seeing detail images due to cobweb lines in your eye vision. The formation of permanent gray or cloudy dot in front of your eye might be the effect of macular pucker.
According to American Academy of Ophthalmology, macular pucker is attributed to developing from shrinking of the retina that occurs due to eye damage, infection or the aging process. Bulging of the eyeball can also make macular folds. This condition may not block your peripheral vision.
4. Eye injury
Injuries of the eye can result in damage to retina, vitreous humor and eye lens that can result in black dots in vision. Eye injuries can result from various incidences such as:
- A blow or hit on the eyeball that causes internal bleeding in the vitreous humour that might cast shadow on retina
- Scratches and abrasion from sharp object that may cause eye trauma, weeping and even dark spots in front of the eye
- Foreign bodies into the eyes such as rough grits, pieces of wood, metal and glass particles that can damage cornea of the eye
- Deep penetration, piercing or cut of accidents from sharp objects like sticks, needles, sharp pieces of glass or any other powered tools
- Eye burns from chemicals and thermal burns
- Harmful radiation such as direct eye exposure to ultraviolet rays from sun or artificial lamps can cause extreme damage to eye retina
5. Detached retina
A detachment of eye retina can occur when the lining of the retina break and separate from the back of the eyeball. This condition may result in permanent loss of eye vision or permanent black spots in vision of your eyes.
6. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye condition that is common to people who are affected by diabetes or sugar disease. This condition can affect both eyes to start seeing floaters or dark spots. It also results in blurred vision or temporal loss of vision, night blindness and difficult to differentiate colors.
7. Retina vascular occlusion
These are a serious eye condition that may lead to dark spots in vision. The condition can occur due to hardening of the arteries inside the eyeball that may result to clotting of blood on the surface of the retina that blocks light from reaching the retina.
8. Hypertensive retinopathy
The condition is common to individuals with a cardiac problem that can result in high blood pressure. Hypertensive retinopathy is characterized by internal eye bleeding due to rupture of blood vessels. Blood clots on the retina may result in blind spots or black floater in eyes.
This is an eye condition that may occur when an inflammation appears in the middle layer of the eyes known as uvea layer that nourishes the retina with nutrients from blood. Infection of uvea can result in clots of blood that can block light on reach the retina which can result in black dots in vision.
10. Other Eye diseases
Eye diseases, infection or disorders may have a consequence of black spots in vision. There are several eye conditions that can damage the eye retina and macular spot. The damaged retina may result in a blind spot in eye vision.
Common eye disease or disorders that are associated with black dots in eye vision include the following:
- Cataract is an eye condition liked to advanced age that causes short or long sightedness
- conjunctivitis is a bacterial or viral infection of the eye that can damage the retina, this condition is characterized by sudden development of pink eye color
- eye herpes is caused by a contagious virus that can result in serious loss of vision of permanent black spots in eye vision
- amblyopia is an eye condition that can occur in infants or young children that can lead to permanent loss of vision or black spots in vision, also known as lazy eye disease
- Blepharitis that affect eyelids, eyeball as well as damage macule that has a consequence of blind spots in the vision
- Chalazion or eye bumps that can damage cornea, vitreous humour to develop floater that cast shadow on retina hence blurry vision in your eyes may occur
- Eye ulcer or conceal ulcer that from scarring on the eyeball hence can cause blind spot on your eyes
- Glaucoma that affects optical nerve that might cause blind spot on eye
- Hyphema is a condition characterized by internal eye bleeding that occurs between iris and cornea. Blood clots in eyeball may cause dark spot in your vision
- Sub conjunctiva hemorrhage is a sudden development of red spot in eyes that can affect clear vision of your eyes
- Eye cancer or tumors may result in the growth of malignant mass of tissue that can block light inside the eyeball to cause blind spots in vision
Black Spots in Vision Not Floaters
Black spots in your vision are not the same as eye floaters. However, dark spots in vision are related to floaters. It is quite important to learn the difference between black spots and black floaters in eyes to avoid a confusion that may arise in your mind.
Black floaters in vision are irregular dots or particles that are seen moving slowly in your vision while black spots lack any motion. Floaters are attributed to be the particles that freely move inside the vitreous gel of the eyeball that cast a shadow on the retina.
Black spots in the field of vision are characterized by dots that block the central vision of the eye but peripheral vision might not be affected. Unlike floaters in your vision that can affect both central and peripheral vision of the eye depending on the position of floating debris in your vitreous humour.
Both dark spots and floaters in vision are called blind spots because they have the same effect of blurred vision, temporal loss of vision and difficulties to see the fine detail of images or objects.
Sudden Black Spots in Vision
You might not have born with blind spots in your eyes. A sudden burst of black spots in your vision is a clear indication of having an eye problem that should not be ignored. Sudden blind spots in vision may sometime be accompanied by flashes of light in the vision that looks like shooting stars.
There are various conditions that may correlate with the sudden development of black spots or floaters in your vision. According to Mayo clinic, sudden tear of the retina has the consequence of sudden burst of blind spots in your vision.
The detachment of retina may occur when the connective tissue of the retina breaks or tear. When retina separate from the back of the eyeball it affect the normal perception the light to form object or images hence blind spot may appear.
Sudden damage to the macula on the retina as a consequence of eye infection might be the cause of abrupt blind spots or floaters in your vision. Eye injuries, infection or disorders might result to damage sudden damage of macula that has the ability to differentiate fine detain in vision.it is advisable to seek the help of your doctor in case you notice sudden black spots in vision.
Black Spot in Vision One Eye
In most occasions, blind spots may affect one eye. Occasionally, both left eye and right eye might be affected by black spots. Having black spots in only one eye cannot completely prevent you from seeing clear details of objects but it can just annoy you.
Sometimes it is not easy to notice blind spots in one eye because the other unaffected eye can perceive light in a Norma way. Black spots in vision of one eye might interfere with your clear vision when you are not used to such condition. As time goes, your mind becomes better adapted to seeing spots in one eye.
Black Dot in Eye White
Naturally, the whites of the eyes consist of bright sclerotic coat that protects the external part of the eyeball. Black spots on white of eyes can attract more attention and it may look worrisome to you. These spots on white of eye may appear as brown, pink or black depending on your skin tone.
Freckles or moles are the common causes that may lead to the black dot in the white part of your eyes. Dark dot on the white part of eyes may occur when melanocytes produce excess melanin or skin pigment that can result to hyperpigmentation of the whites of the eyes.
Freckles are usually harmless but they can make your eyes look less attractive. Occasionally, dark dots in whites of eyes may appear due to melanoma which is a type of skin cancer that attacks melanocytes. Malignant cancer cells might result in hyperpigmentation of the sclerotic layer of the eye.
Seeing Black Spots and Dizzy
What causes dizziness and seeing black spots? Feeling dizzy and seeing spots in your vision is a clear indication of a health problem. However in women, a feeling of dizzy and seeing spots while pregnant is normal but rare.
According to Web MD, there are several conditions that may cause seeing black spots with a headache or other symptoms like nausea and white flashes. These conditions include Ear infections, Diabetes, Cardiac problems, Anemia, Hypertension and hypotension, intense panic, Epilepsy, Body dehydration, Toxic shock, and Cancer.
How to Get Rid of Black Spots in Vision
If a blind spot in your vision is becoming bothersome, no need to worry anymore. There are several methods that you can use to fix or solve the problem of blind spots and floater in your vision. You can use simple home remedies to treat tiny eye floaters or black spots in your vision.
Alternatively, medical treatment may be used to treat a serious eye condition that causes blind spots or floater in your vision. You can visit specialized eye doctors or ophthalmologists who can help you in medical treatment.
Black spots in vision can be treated by using various treatment methods from specialized eye clinic. Basing on the type of your blind spot in vision, your doctor may decide the appropriate treatment method that can help you to get rid of black dots in vision. These methods include:
- Surgical treatment: Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that may be used to black floaters or dark spots from vitreous humour of the eye.
- Laser treatment: that use of a beam of a strong electron or light to destroy floaters that are suspended in the vitreous gel of the eyeball.
- Prescription of the eye drops: medicinal eye drop can help to heal damage retina to restore eye vision.
How to reduce floaters in eyes naturally is our main interest. Try the following home remedies to get rid of black floater or black spots in vision:
- Proper nutrition
There is special diet recommended by nutritional experts which can be used as a home remedy to remove floaters blind spots from the eye. Proper nutrition can help to provide enough nutrients that may nourish the damaged retina to restore clear vision.
Eat a balanced diet rich in starch, protein, and vitamins. Eat plenty of carrots, yams, green peas, soya beans, cabbage, apples, pears, and berries. Also, supplement your diet with vitamins and minerals.
- Alternate cold and hot eye compresses
Used hot moisten washcloth and an ice-cold washcloth to compress your eyeball in the alternating sequence. You can practice this treatment several times per day until floaters and blind spots in vision disappear
- Continuous focusing your line of vision
Focusing your eyes on a particular object for long times can help your eyes to restore clear vision. This can help to make your eyes relax for clear vision. Ensure you try to focus your eyes on an object for 5 minutes for more than ten times a day.
- Eyes exercise
Eyes exercise can help to relieve the problem of eye floaters or black spots in vision. Simply roll or move your eyes clockwise slowly, anti-clockwise without moving your head.
- Sleep well
Sleeping well can help to relieve eyes stress that may cause blind spots or eye floaters. Ensure you get enough sleeping hours to refresh your eyes and mind.
- Fresh milk
Fresh milk can help to heal and soothe eye condition that can cause black spots in vision. You can apply two drops of fresh milk into your eye three times per day until black spots in the field of vision go away.
When to See a Doctor
You can see your doctor over eye floaters or blind spots when you notice the following conditions that include the following:
- When you experience continuous flashes of light with blind spots in your vision
- when you feel dizzy with black spots in vision
- if you suddenly develop blind spots in your vision
- when floaters or black dots in your vision are accompanied by a headache, fever or any other strange symptoms