Dry patches on face are usually characterized by flaky or peeling skin. Depending on the cause, they may be white or red in color (See inserted pictures). Dry patches on face may be an indication of mild conditions such as mild allergic reactions. However, they may be as a result of more serious skin conditions. What exactly are the causes of dry patches and how can you get rid of them with treatments or home remedies.
Summary of Page Contents
- Signs and Symptoms
- Causes of Dry Patches on Face
- Pictures of Dry Patches on Face
- Red Dry Patches on Face
- Dry White Patches on Face
- Dry Flaky Patches on Face
- Flaky Skin On Face That Won’t Go Away
- Itchy Dry Patches on Face
- Dry Peeling Skin on Face
- How to Get Rid of dry flaky skin on face
- Sources and References
Signs and Symptoms
The skin has natural oil glands known as sebaceous glands that contain sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that helps to protect the skin from becoming dry. However, your skin can develop signs of dry patches when natural oil on the skin is removed.
Like any other part of the skin, your face can also show up signs of dryness. Dry spots on your face are a clear indication of having a skin problem. It is important to learn signs and symptoms of dry skin on the face so that it can help you to detect earlier any problem that may affect your skin. This can help you to combat the dryness on your face before it advances into a serious skin problem.
Signs and symptoms of dry spots and patches on the skin of the face include the following:
- A feeling of stretched or tightness of the skin on face after showering or swimming
- Dry flaky whitish patches on face after showering
- Small scaly like marks on face and sometimes leathery
- Ashy skin with gray patches
- Rough facial skin with tiny rashes on forehead, cheeks and on nose
- Deep cracks on lips and other parts of the face
- Difficult to blink your eyes after showering
- Itchy white, red, dark, pink or brown irregular shaped patches on face
- Shiny scaly marks on face that are not itchy
- Peeling skin
Signs of dryness on the skin of the face can really annoy you because they can make your face look less attractive. Dry patches on face can affect your beauty especially when it is difficult to hide it under makeup. Keep reading to know how you can combat dryness on your face.
Causes of Dry Patches on Face
Dry skin on the face is caused by various factors. Some of the causal agents that result in dry patches on the skin of the face are natural factors that we cannot control. However, dry patches on the skin can be managed by several skincare practices.
The following includes the causes of dry skin on the face:
1. Dry and hot weather conditions
Dry weather is an environmental factor that can result in the formation of a dry flaky skin on your face and also other parts of the body. A climatic condition that is characterized by either low level of humidly or high temperature can increase the risk of skin dehydration leading to dry skin.
The season of winter tends to affect the skin to develop dry marks. Winter is the season when the level of atmospheric moisture is very low that increases the rate of body dehydration that has a negative effect on the skin surface.
An environmental condition that has a lot of heat can also result in dry spots or patches on the skin of the face. Similar to winter, high temperature can increase the latent heat of vaporization on the skin tissue. This encourages the loss of body water through excessive sweating. Excess loss of body water has a consequence of dry patches on face.
Sun damage is another environmental factor that can result in the formation of a skin condition known as Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis. This condition is characterized by dry patches on the skin of the face. Long exposure to direct sunlight can result in acute or chronic damage from UV light. Sunspots are an example of acute damage of UV light from the sun.
2. Harsh ingredients in soaps, detergents, and cosmetic products
Some facial cleansers and soaps may contain too harsh ingredients that can make your skin dry and patchy. If you develop a feeling of skin tightness after washing your face is a clear indication that you could be using a harsh skin product.
Soaps or cleanser are formulated to remove grease or oil from any surface. Some soaps and detergents also contain anti-bacterial properties that can as well affect the sensitive skin of your face to develop dry patches.
Some cosmetic products instead of improving your beauty, they can damage your face. Skin makeups that affect sebaceous glands on the skin are likely to cause the formation of a flaky skin on face. It is advisable to avoid any skin product that can result to dry patches on your face.
3. Hot showers and baths
According to Mayo Clinic, hot baths and showers are attributed to encouraging dry skin. The use of hot water to wash your body can remove most of the superficial oils on the skin that helps to lock in skin moisture.
From the experience, taking a long time washing your skin with hot water can remove natural oil from the skin surface. Removal of natural oil from the skin can encourage dehydration of the skin tissue that can lead to dry patches to show up.
In addition, washing your skin with highly chlorinated water can also burn your skin. Also, pools that contain water with a high concentration of chlorine can damage the delicate skin of your face to develop dry patches. Chorine has a strong bleaching property that can affect the uppermost layer of your skin to burn and peel out.
4. Allergic reactions
An allergy reaction on the skin has a consequence of dry patches on face. You can develop allergic reaction on your face when the skin gets into direct contact with strange allergens. Irritant contact dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis is a known skin condition that can cause dry patches or spots on the face when your skin is exposed to an irritating substance that can stimulate an allergic reaction.
5. Fungal infection
The attack of fungal or yeast infection on the skin can result in white dry patches on the skin of the face. Tinea versicolor is an example of yeast infection that can affect the skin of the face to develop dry and scaly fat itchy patches. Yeast infection can also result in pink, brown shiny irregular dry patches on the face.
This skin condition is prevalent in hot and moist environmental conditions. Yeast infection is common to children and teenagers who sweat a lot. However, anybody can be affected by a fungal infection on the face when exposed to predisposing factors that can encourage yeast growth. These risk factors include poor body hygiene, weakened body immune and use of oily makeups on the face.
In addition to yeast infections, another common cause of dry patches on face is ringworm.
6. Eczema or atopic dermatitis
Eczema is an autoimmune skin disorder that can lead to dry or scaly patches on the face. The disorder can also affect the skin to develop rough surface with itchy spots. Occasionally, eczema can also manifest itself on the skin by showing small red bumps that burst, ooze out fluids and finally crust over.
Eczema is a common condition that affects the skin of babies and children. Your Infants and toddlers may show up dry spots or patches on face. Also, teenagers and adults can be affected by eczema on the skin to develop a dry scaly skin on the face.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder that can cause itchy dry patches on face, scalp, neck, hands, and feet. This condition is typically associated with silvery white scales on the skin that finally advance into the thick dark, pink or red spots and patches.
The main cause of psoriasis is not clearly known but the condition is attributed to be an autoimmune disorder. Anybody can be affected by this condition although it not contagious.
Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that typically affects forehead, nose, and cheeks. The condition can cause rough dry scaly skin with itchy broken blood vessels on the skin.
Rosacea also can make the skin swollen and sensitive. It can as well damage the eyes to develop hard cysts on eyelids
9. Change in body hormones
The sudden change of body hormones has a consequence of dry patches on face. Hypothyroidism is an example of hormone disorder that may cause a dry flaky skin on face and on the entire body surface. The decline in production of thyroid hormone in the body can affect the skin to develop dry spots like scales.
Medicinal drugs used to treat underlying conditions in the body might have a side effect of dry patches on the skin of the face. Strong medication that helps to treat the cardiac problem, pathogens in the body can also affect your skin. It is important to seek the help of the doctor in case certain medicinal drugs have a side effect of drying out of your skin.
11. Other rare causes of dry skin
- Diabetes is condition that develops due to imbalance of blood sugar hence it can result in excess loss of body water through urine that results to dehydration
- Cholera is a digestive infection that causes vomiting and diarrhea that leads to loss of body water
- Malnutrition that results to white patches on face due to vitamin deficiency
- Dehydration disorders like excessive sweating, excess urination
- Vitiligo, that cause loss of skin pigment leading to white patches
- Acne patches that appear like bug bites on face can make the facial skin dry and scaly
Pictures of Dry Patches on Face
How do dry patches on the skin of the face look like? Clear pictures are provided in this post to show you how dry flaky skin of face can look like. These pictures also illustrate more about how dry spots or marks on the skin of the face look like for more visual understanding.
These pictures also show how dry spots on face can damage your beauty. From the pictures, it is clear that dry scaly patches with rough bumpy skin that appear leathery can make your face look less attractive.
Red Dry Patches on Face
Red dry spot or patches on the skin of the face are common skin conditions that can appear on your face. Dry red patches can show up when the skin tissue is damaged to cause inflammation that has a characteristic of red coloration like bug bites.
Dry patches on the facial skin that appear red or pink can also develop when your skin peels out or crack that result from dryness of skin tissues. Any skin conditions that are attributed to causing dryness of the skin are also linked to red dry patches.
There are various skin conditions that have a consequence of dry red skin on face. We have already discussed some of these conditions but for more emphasis, eczema, psoriasis, rosacea, and dry weather are some of the examples of factors that cause dry red cracks or spots on the skin.
Dry White Patches on Face
The occurrence of dry white patches or spots on the skin of the face can affect lips, nose, cheeks, and forehead. Dry white spots can give your face gray appearance which can be described as an ashy face. These patches can be either itchy or non-itchy depending on the causal agent.
Dry white patches on face are a common sign associated with any skin condition that can cause skin dehydration. Also, other skin infections can affect superficial layer of the skin which may result in scaly white patches.
Dry white spots are may also appear on the face of your child, infant or toddler. Teenagers and adults can also be affected by dry patches on face.
Dry white patches on the face can be a sign of either harmless or serious skin condition. It is quite important to seek the help of your doctor in case your face develops chronic itchy dry white patches that threaten your beauty.
Dry Flaky Patches on Face
Dry flaky patches on the face can affect your skin to be more susceptible to develop tiny deep cracks. Dry flaky marks can appear on lips, cheeks, and forehead and on the nose. Flaky skin can also develop tiny rashes that give it a rough texture.
Dry flaky skin is always accompanied with itchiness that can make you feel a discomfort. Tinny cracks on the skin might cause pain or irritation. The condition of having dry, scaly flaky skin can affect your face your face to look less attractive.
Flaky Skin On Face That Won’t Go Away
Flaky skin on the face that won’t heal might be a sign of chronic skin condition. Occasionally, dry patches can persist on your face despite the use of skin care products. Eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea are known chronic skin conditions that can lead to dry flaky patches that can refuse to go away easily.
Eczema is autoimmune disorders that are characterized by red itchy dry skin with patches that resemble burns while psoriasis can cause pink or shiny white patches. Similarly, rosacea is a skin condition that can cause red dry spots like bug bites that won’t go away easily.
Eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea are not life-threatening but they can affect your beauty. These conditions can be treated through special medication from your doctor. Prescription of steroid drugs, antihistamines, and laser treatment can be used.
Itchy Dry Patches on Face
Skin conditions that make your face rough, flaky with scaly patches can also lead to itchy skin that can make you feel uncomfortable. The sensitive skin of the face can easily develop pain or irritations that are caused by skin disorders.
Your face can also be affected by dry patches that are not itchy. Presence of non-itchy dry patches on face does not mean you are safe because they can as well affect your beauty and make your skin look unattractive to eyes.
Dry Peeling Skin on Face
Dry skin patches on the face can also be associated with peeling of the uppermost layer of the skin. Skin disorders can damage the skin tissue to weaken, break and separate into different layers. This encourages the upper layer of the skin to peel out.
Some skin infection has a burning effect on the skin. For instance eczema, fungal attack, psoriasis, and rosacea can cause patches that resemble a burn that finally result in skin pealing.
How to Get Rid of dry flaky skin on face
Dry spots and patches should not be a reason that frustrates your mind. There are several methods that can you can use to fix or solve the problem of dry skin on face. You can use home remedies to treat mild dry spots or patches on the face caused by dry air, allergy reaction, and fungal infection. A combination of several home remedies has a strong healing ability that can help to get rid of dry flaky skin on face overnight or instantly.
Alternatively, you can go for medical treatment by seeking the help of your doctor who can help you on how to treat dry patches on face. Chronic skin conditions such eczema, psoriasis and other chronic dry spots on face can be treated and controlled by medical treatments.
When dry patchy on the skin of the face is becoming a health or beauty problem, you can visit your doctor to help you on how to cure dry skin on face overnight and faster. After visiting your doctor, he or she will examine your skin problem to develop an appropriate diagnosis plan.
Your doctor may use several treatment methods basing on the type of your skin condition. The following are examples of the methods that your doctor may use to treat your dry flaky skin on face, which includes:
- Prescription of steroids oral drugs and medicinal creams
- Laser treatment that use strong light to kill malignant cells that result to dry patchy skin
- Medical injections to treat underlying condition that causes dry scaly skin
You can use the following home remedies to treat dry spots or patches your face:
- Coconut oil
You can use a coconut oil as a home remedy to treat dry skin on face. The oil is the best skin moisturizer that can help to lock in moisture on your skin to prevent and protect the skin against dry patches. it also contains natural ingredients like fatty acid that can restore and heals dry patches on the skin of the face.
How to use:
- Clear your face with cold water and pat it with soft towel
- Apply the coconut oil on the affected area of your face with dry patches and allow it to be absorbed slowly into your skin
- Apply the oil twice per day for few weeks until dry patches on your face fade away.
- Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera has the medicinal property that can help to cure dry marks on your face. Aloe Vera is also rich in vitamins that can nourish your skin and remove dry spots or patches. The antifungal and antibacterial property of Aloe Vera also helps to initiate healing process of dry patches on the skin.
How to use:
- Clean your face with warm water
- Use your hand to apply the Aloe Vera gel, cream or juice on the affected skin with dry patches
- Apply it three times per day
- Honey and lemon juice
A mixture of honey and lemon juice is an excellent home remedy for dry patches on face. Honey has the ability to keep the skin moist and soft while lemon juice has citric acid that helps to exfoliate dry scales on the skin.
How to use:
- Mix two teaspoons of lemon juice with one teaspoon of raw honey
- Apply the mixture on the affected area of your skin
- Allow it to stay on your skin for 20 minutes before rinsing it off with cold water
- Repeat the treatment three times per day for few weeks until you notice a change on your face
- Apple cider vinegar
You can also use apple cider vinegar as home remedies for dry patches on face. The reagent has natural ingredients that can help heal dry marks on the face.
How to use:
- Dilute one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar with equal amount of water
- Apply the solution on the affected area of your face with dry patches
- Allow it to stay on your face for about 30 minutes before rinsing it off
- Repeat the treatment twice per day until your skin becomes smooth and soft
- Milk cream
Milk cream contains lactic acid that can help to exfoliate dry spots on the skin. Milk cream can also help to lock in skin moisture to keep your skin soft and supple. The soothing ability of milk cream can help to relieve itchy skin.
How to use:
- Mix two teaspoons of milk cream with one teaspoon of lemon juice
- Apply the milk cream on your face
- Leave it on your skin for about 30 minutes before rinsing it off
- Repeat the treatment twice per day until dry patches on your face go away
To sum up, you can also use other home remedies such as yogurt, essential oils, baking soda, oatmeal, ginger, avocado oil, egg white. You can also eat a diet rich in vitamins, protein, and minerals. Drinking clean water to prevent body dehydration
Sources and References
- Dry spots and patches on face: http://www.vaseline.us/skin-health-care/dry-patches-on-the-face.html
- Signs and symptoms of dry skin on face: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/symptoms-causes/dxc-20248892
- Causes of dry patches on skin of the face: https://www.webmd.boots.com/healthy-skin/guide/causes-dry-skin
- Pictures of dry spots, dots, and patches on face: https://mddk.com/dry-patches-on-face.html
- Red dry or scaly patches on skin of the face: https://medicorx.com/treating-red-dry-skin-patches-on-your-face/
- Dry white patches on face: https://www.scripps.org/news_items/4568-what-causes-dry-white-patches-on-skin
- Dry flaky patches on face: http://www.embarrassingproblems.com/problem/dry-flaky-skin
- Itchy dry marks or patches on face: https://www.dermstore.com/blog/why-you-have-red-itchy-flaky-skin/
- Dry peeling of skin on face: http://www.medicinenet.com/peeling_skin/symptoms.htm
- How to get rid of dry flaky skin on face: http://www.wikihow.com/Get-Rid-of-Dry-Skin-on-Face
- Treatment of dry spots on face: http://stylecaster.com/beauty/dry-skin-treatments/
- Home remedies for dry patches on skin of the face: http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/simple-home-remedies-for-treating-dry-skin/#gref