A sore on roof of mouth may be painful or painless, swollen or not. It is usually caused by various health conditions, some of which may require urgent medical attention. Here are the pictures, causes, signs and symptoms of white spots, dots or patches on roof of mouth. Also, learn how to get rid of them with medications and home remedies.
Summary of Page Contents
- Signs & Symptoms
- Sores on Roof of Mouth Pictures
- Causes of Sore on Roof of Mouth
- 1. Injuries
- 2. Canker sores
- 3. Cold sores
- 4. Allergic reaction
- 5. Mucocele
- 6. Smoking and chewing tobacco
- 7. Incisive papilla
- 8. Oral cancer
- 9. Buccal exostosis or osteoma
- 10. Torus palatinus
- 11. Maxillary sinus growth
- 12. Adenocarcinoma
- 13. SDT, syphilis, HIV, HSV
- 14. Unfit dentures
- 15. Oral thrush
- 16. Tongue ring
- Sore on Roof of Mouth near Teeth
- How to Get Rid of Sore on Roof of Mouth
- When to See a Doctor
- Sources and References
Signs & Symptoms
According to the natural structure of the roof of your mouth or palate, it is made up of hard connective tissues. The front part of the palate has tiny normal ridges while the back region is covered by a smooth mucous membrane.
A sore or an ulcer can appear mouth roof which may occur in different forms, size, shape, and color. These sores might appear as soft raise lesions like bumps, fluid-filled blisters or hard lumps surrounded by open sores.
There are various signs and symptoms that you may notice when you develop a strange sore on your palate. These symptoms might be harmless in your mouth but of critical concern. However, it might be an indication of a health complicated issue.
Here include some of signs and symptoms of sore on the roof of the mouth:
- Soft open ulcers on palate surface
- Roof of mouth with painful sore and swollen tissue
- Very painful roof of mouth behind front teeth
- dry mouth cavity
- the roof of mouth hurts when chewing and swallowing food
- the roof of mouth feels bruised with a rough surface
- hard bump on roof of mouth behind front teeth
Sores on Roof of Mouth Pictures
How do sore on the roof of the mouth look like? If you are eager to know how sores on the surface of the palate look like, clear pictures are provided in this post to show you the visual appearance on how sores on the roof of the mouth look like.
These pictures also illustrate more on the visual appearance of sores, bumps or blister on the palate for your better visual understanding.
Causes of Sore on Roof of Mouth
A strange sore can appear on your palate due to various reasons or causal agents. It is quite significant to be conversant with the possible causes of sore on the roof of your mouth cavity. This can help you to have background knowledge that can help you to solve the problem of sore that can occur on your palate.
The following are some of the possible causes of a sore on roof of mouth which include:
The development of sores on the roof of your mouth might be as a consequence of physical damage. The physical damage of the palate can occur due to various causes that include, thermal burning, accidental cuts or piercing on the soft tissue of the roof your mouth.
Placing a sharp pointed object in your oral cavity such as sharp sticks, toothpicks or needles can accidentally injure the roof of your mouth. Also, the habit of eating too hot or acidic food can burn the mucous membrane on the roof of the mouth hence sores may develop.
2. Canker sores
The outbreak of canker sore in the oral cavity can damage the roof of the mouth to develop painful sores. Canker sores are characterized by gray ulcers that have a whitish center with red color on its border.
The main causal agent that cause the outbreak of canker sores in the oral cavity is not clearly defined. But according to the dentist, you can develop the infection of canker sores on the roof of the mouth when you are exposed to risk factors of canker sores.
These predisposing factors of canker sore include body stress, fatigue, change of body hormone and trauma in the mouth cavity.
3. Cold sores
Cold sore is an oral infection which is associated with painful fluid-filled blisters. A cold blister usually burst to ooze out, crust over and finally heal. The sore can appear on the roof of the mouth, gums, tongue, on lips and inside the nose.
Cold sore infection is caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV). This virus is highly contagious and it can widely spread in a family or a population. You can get the infection through direct contact with infected saliva.
Oral herpes or cold sore can cause a serious damage to an individual with a weakened immune system. Herpes virus can also stay in your body for a quite long time in a dormant stage and it can cause another outbreak of cold sores in your oral cavity when they are stimulated by body stress and trauma.
4. Allergic reaction
A Sore on roof of mouth can be as a result of allergic reaction on the mucous membrane. Some foodstuffs can stimulate the surface of the palate to develop tiny bumps that form open sores. Eating too spicy or acidic food can result to irritation of mouth roof to trigger an allergic reaction.
Mucocele is also known as mucous cysts. These are small sac-like bump filled with clear fluids. The mucous cysts are pale blue soft bumps that can appear on the roof of the mouth. The mucous cyst can burst into an open sore on mouth roof.
The mucous cyst can occur when the opening ducts of salivary glands are blocked due to bacterial infection. Young babies, infants, and toddler are more susceptible to develop mucous cysts in their oral cavity than teens and adults.
6. Smoking and chewing tobacco
Smoking and chewing tobacco product can lead to an oral condition known as smoker’s palate or nicotine stomatitis. This condition can result in bumps and sores on the surface of the mouth roof. Continuous chewing and smoking tobacco can increase the risk of getting any types of oral cancer.
7. Incisive papilla
A sore like bump behind front teeth on the roof of the mouth might be a sign of incisive papilla. The condition can result in a large bump or sore that can cause pain and a discomfort in the mouth. In case your palate has large sores you can visit your dentist for medical treatment.
8. Oral cancer
Oral cancer is a chronic mouth condition that can result in various types of sores or ulcers on the oral cavity. Typically, oral cancer can affect lips, gums, tongue and also the roof of the mouth. Oral cancer is characterized by hard bumps that can easily bleed when something touches it.
9. Buccal exostosis or osteoma
These are an abnormal growth of hard lump on the back roof of the mouth. The protruding bump can be irritated by the process of chewing and swallowing food which can result to an open sore on roof of mouth.
10. Torus palatinus
This is the growth of hard body structure at the midline of the palate. Torus bump on the palate is a harmless condition but it can develop into a sore on top of the bump as an effect of friction from the process of chewing and swallowing food.
11. Maxillary sinus growth
The abnormal growth of maxillary bone into a bump on roof of the mouth can result in oral sores on the palate. The hard protruding bump can easily be injured during the process of chewing food due to the effect of friction. Continuous injuries on this bump can result to an ulcer or a sore on roof of mouth.
The bacterial infection of minor salivary glands on the roof of the mouth may result in an inflammation known as adenocarcinoma. This bump on the palate can develop into an open sores or ulcers.
13. SDT, syphilis, HIV, HSV
Sores or ulcers on mouth roof might be as a consequence of sexually transmitted disease (STD’s). Syphilis and HIV infection can show symptoms of painful sores in the oral cavity including the roof of the mouth.
14. Unfit dentures
Sore on the roof of the mouth can occur due to wearing of unfit dentures on gums. Unfit dentures can cause trauma or injuries of mouth roof that can result into sores.
15. Oral thrush
Oral thrush is fungal disease or yeast infection that can cause a white sore on the roof of the mouth cavity. The overgrowth of yeast in the mouth can damage the mucous membrane in the mouth cavity to develop painful tiny sores.
16. Tongue ring
If you notice a sore on the roof your mouth after piercing the tongue, it might be the effect of the ring you wear on the tongue. The sore may develop due to little pressure exerted by the jewelry on the soft tissue of the palate. Also, the ring being artificial material it may also cause irritation that can lead to the formation of a bump like a sore.
Sore on Roof of Mouth near Teeth
A sore on mouth roof near the teeth may appear in various forms, shapes, sizes, and color depending on the oral condition. A sore on the roof of the mouth can range in size from a pinpoint size to a large patch.
The sore or ulcer on your palate near the teeth might also appear as small round dots or irregularly shaped patches. The small sores like dots on the roof of the mouth may occur as raised bumps or flat lesion distributed evenly from gum line to midline of the palate.
In addition to sore that appears on the roof of the mouth near the teeth around the gum, they can show up in various colors, they might appear as a red inflammation on palate tissue. Also, they can appear as white, black or brown depending on the type of oral condition.
Focusing on a sore on roof of mouth behind front teeth, it typically occurs on the ridged surface of the palate. The incisive papilla is a known oral condition that has the consequence of a bump behind front teeth that can develop into an open sore when irritated by friction from the process of chewing food.
Tooth abscesses on the upper jaw might be the reason for having a sore near the teeth. The periodontal abscess in the tissue of the gum can occur due to a bacterial infection that invades into dental pulp that can affect blood vessel and nerve tissue.
The bacteria that result to a dental abscess can also affect the connective tissue on the palate near the affected tooth to develop sudden rush like bumps. These bumps finally rupture into open sores that have a foul-smelling.
A hard bump on roof of the mouth like sore can also appear near the teeth next to gums. Sores that occur on top of hard bumps are commonly associated with oral conditions such as exostosis, torus palatinus, incisive papilla and oral cancer.
Generally, sores like bumps on mouth roof near the teeth or a gum can occur due to any of the factors that we have already discussed in the post such as cold sore, canker sore, injuries, allergic reaction or any other causal agent discussed in this post.
How to Get Rid of Sore on Roof of Mouth
At a time, a harmless sore may appear on your palate which might resolve without treatment. Occasionally, a sore on your palate may refuse to go away after a certain period of time that you expected it to heal. For this case, you should consider this sore or bump as an oral problem that needs a treatment.
There are various methods you can use to get rid of sore on the palate. You can use home remedies to remove sores on the palate that are caused by the mild oral conditions. For instance, cold sore, canker sore, allergic reaction, and burns can be treated by simple home remedies.
Alternatively, medical treatment is a suitable method you can go for when a sore on roof of mouth is caused by a serious oral problem such as oral cancer, tooth abscess or any other chronic oral condition. if you noticed a serious sore on your palate visit your dentist how can help you to treat and cure your oral problem.
There are several modern treatment methods that your doctor might use to treat a sore on the roof of your mouth. After presenting your oral condition to the dentist, he/she will decide the appropriate diagnosis plan for you.
Here are some of the methods that your doctor may use to treat a sore on roof of mouth, which include:
This method may be used to treat sores on palate caused by oral cancer, adenocarcinoma, buccal exostosis, torus bump or any other strange chronic sore on moth roof. Surgical procedures are usually performed with the help of local anesthesia to reduce pain.
- Radiotherapy or laser method
Strong radiating light can be used to kill malignant cells that cause chronic sores on your palate. the method can be applied in the treatment of oral cancer, torus bumps, and adenocarcinoma sores.
Chemotherapy method uses strong formulated chemicals or medicinal drugs that can help to kill or destroy malignant cell that causes sores on the roof of the mouth.
- Prescription of oral medication
Antibiotics, antivirus, and antifungal are common examples of medicinal drugs that your doctor may prescribe for you that can help to treat sores on your palate.
Your doctor can use a sterilized tool like a scalpel to cut and remove tumors or overgrowth tissue that cause sores on your palate.
Try the following home remedies that can help you to get rid of sores or ulcers on your palate which include:
- Aloe Vera juice
Aloe Vera is a good home remedy that can be used to treat various types of sores in the oral cavity including your palate. Aloe Vera has the antibacterial and antifungal property that can help to reduce mouth infection caused by bacteria and yeast.
How to use:
- get one teaspoon of Aloe Vera juice or gel and swish in your mouth for 5 minutes
- spit out and rinse your mouth with warm water
- Repeat the treatment three times per day for few weeks until a sore on roof of mouth go away.
- Baking soda
Baking soda has the ability to reduce fungi and bacteria in the oral cavity that cause the formation of sores on the palate. It also has the astringent property that helps to heal open sores on the roof of your mouth.
How to use:
- Mix one teaspoon of the baking soda in one cup of warm water
- Gargle the solution in your mouth cavity several times as you can
- Repeat the treatment twice per day until sore on roof of the mouth clear away
- Salt rinse
Salt rinse is a suitable home remedy for red-hot tender or inflamed tissue of the palate with sores. Salt solution has the antiseptic ability that can help to reduce microorganism in the oral cavity that causes mouth infection.
The salt solution also has a soothing effect that can relieve itchy sores on your palate. it also removes foul smell or taste from your oral cavity to give fresh breath.
How to use:
- Make salt solution by mixing one teaspoon of salt into one glass of warm water
- Swish the salt solution in your mouth cavity several times
- Repeat this procedure twice per day for few weeks until a sore on roof of mouth heal completely
- Honey and lemon juice
A combination of honey with lemon juice is an excellent home remedy for a sore on your palate. Natural raw honey has strong healing property that can help to initiate the healing of ulcers or sores on mouth roof.
Lemon juice contains citric acid which has the antiseptic property that can help to reduce and kill bacteria, fungi, and viruses that can attack the roof of the mouth to cause sores.
How to use:
- Mix one teaspoon of raw honey into half glass of lemon juice
- Swish the solution in your mouth for one minute
- Spit it out
- Repeat the procedure twice per day
- Tea tree oil
You can use tea tree oil as a home remedy for various types of mouth sores. The oil contains a compound known as Terpinenol that has the ability to reduce bacterial and fungal infection in the mouth that cause sore on roof of mouth.
How to use:
- Simply apply the tea tree oil on the affected part of the roof of your mouth using cotton swab
- Ensure you apply it three times per day for few weeks until sores or bumps on your palate go away
You can also use other home remedies such as the application of hydrogen peroxide, yogurt, hot pepper sauce or any other applicable home remedy that can help to remove sore on roof of mouth.
When to See a Doctor
It is advisable to see your doctor over a sore in your mouth cavity when you notice the following oral conditions that include:
- When a sore in roof of your mouth is growing large in size and cause difficulties in speaking, eating and swallowing
- if the sore on your mouth cavity last for more than two weeks without any noticeable improvement
- When the sore on palate cause severe pain that you cannot tolerate any more
- If your baby has a strange sore on roof of her mouth
- If the sores on your palate has characteristic of bleeding when something touches
To sum up, if you notice any strange sores like bumps that you don’t understand on your mouth roof, it is quite important to seek the help of your dentist who can advise you on how to resolve such oral problem.